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同等学力考试英语科目备考练习6.26

2015-06-26 15:51       来源:中国在职研究生网    http://www.zzyjs.com

推荐阅读:同等学力考试的难度和十月联考的一样吗

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Probably the hardest of setting goals is the first step of actually deciding to take action! The first barrier facing most people is the incorrect assumption that goals are only for business people. The reality is everyone sets goals mentally throughout the day. There are always occasions where something has to be done at a particular time or in a particular place. Simple examples could be getting up at certain time in order to be at work, or to meet with a friend for a leisure activity.

The beauty of having goals is the uniqueness of each one to the goal setter. Whether it is personal, financial, business, or spiritual, they are all specific to that person and their circumstances.

The most important part initially is to write them down. Having goals written down gives you incredible power while helping you to focus on this area.

Aim for something that will stretch you while remaining achievable. If you achieve your goal too easily, it is not high enough to make any significant change in your life and needs to be adjusted. On the other hand, if you consistently miss the goals, re-evaluate, and consider setting them a little lower as you will only get discouraged and probably give up. The aim is to keep growing, and moving into a more satisfactory position for your particular circumstances.

As you obtain the levels that you have set for yourself, always include a small reward at each point. This might only be a small thing in the early days like a meal out or a weekend vacation.

Remember that these changes will not happen overnight and there will be a period of time when nothing seems be happening. This is why the goals need to be detailed and as specific as possible with a consequence and benefit.

Allow some time on a daily basis to educate yourself on how to make the necessary adjustments in your life. This could include listening to a CD, or reading a book on motivation etc.

A simple method to start with could be one goal in the main areas of life to be achieved in one month, six months, twelve months or five years .break that down further into a daily, weekly and monthly system. Stay focused and disciplined to achieve all that you desire.

51. The simple examples in Paragraph 1convey the message that _____

A. goals are set mostly for important things

B. most people know when it is time to set goals

C. people set goals to get things done all the time

D. it is necessary to set goals occasionally

52. The charm of having goals is that each goal is ______

A. important B. motivated

C. special D. spiritual

53 A good goal is one that ______

A. keeps growing all the time B. is high enough yet attainable

C. moves one into a satisfactory position D. is evaluated from time to time

54. Goals have to be detailed so that people _____.

A. can know their achievements at each stage

B. will eventually reach the levels set for themselves

C. may get small rewards such as a meal out

D. can adjust them on various occasions

55. For a goal to be achieved, one has to ______.

A believe in what he is doing

B adapt oneself to new changes

C divert from routine sometimes

D concentrate on it until it is attained

答案解析:

也许设定目标的最难的一点就是决定采取行动实际的第一步!大多数人面临的第一个障碍就是人们认为目标是商人的专利这种错误的观念。实际上每时每刻每个都在大脑里设定目标。在某一特定的时间或是特定的地点,经常会发生必须要做某件事这样的情况。有时为了工作,或是为了和朋友参加业余活动可以举几个简单的例子。

设置目标的美的地方在于每个目标对于目标设定者来说都是独一无二的。不管这个目标是个人的,金融方面的,商业方面的,还是精神方面的,对于目标设定者以及周围的环境来说都是很特别的。

开始最重要的部分就是把目标写下来。把目标写下来可以给予你难以置信的力量,同时,帮助你把注意力集中在这个领域。

要把那些可以超越你自己但可以实现的定位为目标。如果你的目标太容易实现,说明目标设定的不够高,你的生活不会发生重大的变化,目标需要调整。另一方面,如果你不断地和自己的目标失之交臂,要重新做出评估,考虑把目标设立的低一些,因为不然的话,你会丧失信心,可能还会放弃。要不断地设置更高的目标,根据你的特殊环境设定更令你自己满意的目标。

当实现了自己在某个阶段设定的目标时,要给自己一点奖励,起初,也许只是像出去吃顿饭或周末度度假这样非常小小的奖赏。

请牢记这些变化是不会一夜之间发生的,有一个阶段似乎是什么改变都没有。这就是为什么目标需要细化而且要让和结果和收益尽量明细化。

每天花点时间让自己充充电,看看怎样在生活中做些必要的调整。可以听听CD,或阅读一下关于励志方面的书等等。

开始的时候一个简单的方法可以在一个月,六个月,一年,或者五年内能够实现的目标设定为生活领域的主要目标。然后再细化成日目标,周目标,月目标。一定要集中注意力严格要求自己实现自己的目标。

51. 【答案】 C

【考点】事实细节题

【题意】第一段简单的举例要传达的信息是 _____ 。

A. 大部分的目标都是为重要的事情设定的 B. 大多数的人知道什么时候要设定目标

C. 人们每时每刻都在设定目标做事 D. 有必要偶尔设定目标

【解析】原文第一段提到The reality is everyone sets goals mentally throughout the day.故正确答案应该选择C。

52. 【答案】 C

【考点】事实细节题

【题意】设定目标的魅力就在于每一个目标都是 ______。

A.重要的 B. 有动机的 C.特别的 D. 精神的

【解析】原文第二段提到The beauty of having goals is the uniqueness of each one to the goal setter. Uniqueness对应选项C中的special。

53 【答案】 C

【考点】

事实细节题

【题意】一个好的目标 ______。

A. 每时每刻都在成长 B. 很高但可以达到

C. 要达到令人满意的高度 D. 有时要进行评估

【解析】原文提到The aim is to keep growing, and moving into a more satisfactory position for your particular circumstances. 故正确答案应该选择C。

54. 【答案】 A

【考点】

事实细节题

【题意】目标必须细化,这样人们 _____。

A. 可以知道他们在每个阶段的成就 B. 最终会到达他们自己设定的高度

C. 可以获得一些小小的奖赏,比如出去吃饭 D.可以在不同的场合进行调整

【解析】 原文提到As you obtain the levels that you have set for yourself, always include a small reward at each point. 故正确答案应该选择A。

55.【答案】D

【考点】事实细节题

【题意】对于一个要达到的目标,自己要______。

A 相信自己做的事情 B 调整自己适应新的变化

C 有时远离常规 D 集中注意力直到目标实现

【解析】文章最后一段提到Stay focused and disciplined to achieve all that you desire. 故正确答案应该选D

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